- Official name: Republic of Armenia (Armenia) Hayastany Hanrapetoutyun (Hayastan)
- Continent: Asia
- Capital: Yerevan
- Currency: MNT
- Time zone: UTC+4 (AMT)
Armenia is located in the south of Transcaucasia and the great mountain range of the Caucasus. Armenia is bounded in the south by Iran and Turkey, while it has borders with Georgia and Azerbaijan ins the west and north. Naxçıvan, an exclave of Azerbaijan, borders Armenia to the southwest. Culturally, historically and politically Armenia is considered a part of Europe.<br /> The capital is Yerevan (Erevan). It’s a landlocked country with between the Black and Caspian Seas. 90% of the territory of Armenia is located at a height from 1,000 m above sea level and higher. <br /> The country's southwest is occupied by a rather flat Ararat Valley (average height - 850-1000 m) in which the majority of large settlements of the country is concentrated. It is worth mentioning that the country's territory is framed by over 3,000 km of mountain ridges. But orogenic processes in this area are not finished yet, therefore earthquakes are frequent there. The country spans 29,743 square kilometers (11,490 square miles, about the size of Belgium or Maryland) of mountainous terrain centered around the Ararat Valley, the heart of the Armenian nation since biblical times.
Having one of the world’s oldest civilizations, Armenia, the first country to adopt Christianity as an official state religion, was named Hayq, later Hayastan. This name results from the name of the ancestor of all Armenians - Hayk. Armenia is one of the most ancient countries, as it has been populated since prehistorical times and has been proposed as the site of the Biblical Garden of Eden. Having one of the world’s oldest civilizations, Armenia was named Hayq, later Hayastan. This name results from the name of the ancestor of all Armenians - Hayk. Armenia is one of the most ancient countries, as it has been populated since prehistorical times and has been proposed as the site of the Biblical Garden of Eden. <br /> In the beginning of the 1st millennium, BC class distinctions appeared. The tribes of Armenian uplands united to form tribal unions (Uruatri, Nairi, Damiani, etc.) on the basis of which in the 11th century BC the powerful ancient slaveholding state Urartu with the capital in Tushpa (Van) was formed.<br /> The Armenians were converted to Christianity about 300 ce and have an ancient and rich liturgical and Christian literary tradition. Believing Armenians today belong mainly to the Armenian Apostolic (Orthodox) Church or the Armenian Catholic Church, in communion with Rome.<br /> In the 18th and 19th centuries, the Russian campaigns against the Persians and the Turks resulted in large emigrations of Armenians under Muslim rule to the Transcaucasian provinces of the Russian Empire and to Russia itself. Armenians settled in Yerevan, Tʿbilisi, Karabakh, Shemakha (now Şamaxı), Astrakhan, and Bessarabia. <br /> In April of 1915 tens of thousands of Armenian men were rounded up and shot. Hundreds of thousands of women, old men, and children were deported south across the mountains to Cilicia and Syria by the Turks of the Ottoman Empire. during World War I, leaders of the Turkish government set in motion a plan to expel and massacre Armenians. By the early 1920s, when the massacres and deportations finally ended, between 600,000 and 1.5 million Armenians were dead, with many more forcibly removed from the country.
Citizens of France and Germany are not required to hold a visa when traveling to the Republic of Armenia. <br /> For more information about visa conditions of other countries you may visit the address below:<br /> https://www.mfa.am/en/visa/
The FCO advise against all travel within 5km of the border between Armenia and Azerbaijan in the Tavush and Gegharkunik regions, and along the M16/H26 road between the towns of Ijevan and Noyemberyan. <br /> Crime levels are low. But there are incidents of pickpocketing, bag snatching, theft from cars and burglary involving British or other foreign nationals.<br /> The border between Armenia and Azerbaijan is closed. There are frequent violations of the 1994 ceasefire between these countries from military emplacements along the border. There have been periods of increased tension which can make the security situation in border regions unpredictable.